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Physico-Chemical and Thermal Characterization of a Lignocellulosic Fiber, Extracted from the Bast of Cola lepidota Stem

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Document pages: 16 pages

Abstract: In this research work, fiber extracted from the bark of Cola lepidota (CL) plant, grown in the flora of Southernpart of Cameroon, was investigated for composites reinforcement. Theinvestigation was carried via evaluation of waterabsorption capacity, moisture content, real density, porosity, chemicalcomposition, chemical structure and thermal behaviour. It was discovered thatthe new fiber has relatively low moisture content and water absorption capacitysimilar to those of other investigated natural fibers such as flax, sisal,coconut, hemp and jute. Its porosity was found appropriate for compositeproduction and the fiber was found to be thermally stable up to 230°C, withmaximum degradation temperature of 325°C. The main constituents of the fibreinclude cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. In conclusion, based on theproperties investigated, this fiber is considered suitable for compositemanufacture.

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