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  • 英语词汇-运动词汇(1)

    比哆醇 ( 维生素B6 ) == pyroxidine ( vitamin B6 )
    α生育酚 ( 维生素E ) == alpha tocopherol ( vitamin E )
    α波 ( 脑波 ) == alpha wave ( brainwave )
    β波 ( 脑波 ) == beta wave ( brainwave )
    δ波 ( 脑波 ) == delta wave ( brainwave )
    θ波 ( 脑波 ) == theta wave ( brainwave )
    ABO系统 ( 血型 ) == ABO system ( blood group )
    B细胞 == B cell
    Rh 系统 == rhesus system
    Rh 阴性 ( Rh 系统 ) == rhesus-negative ( rhesus system )
    Rh 阳性 ( Rh 系统 ) == rhesus-positive ( rhesus system )
    T细胞 == T cell
    X光 ( 放射线摄影术 ) == X-ray ( radiography )
    X染色体 ( 性染色体 ) == X chromosome ( sex chromosome )
    Y染色体 ( 性染色体 ) == Y chromosome ( sex chromosome )



    一划

    乙状结肠( 结肠 ) == sigmoid colon ( colon )



    二划

    二尖瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == bicuspid valve ( heart valve )
    二尖齿( 前臼齿 ) == bicuspid ( premolar )
    二倍体细胞 == diploid cell
    二氧化碳( 无机化合物 ) == carbon dioxidel / CO2 ( inorganie compound )
    人口( 死亡率 ) == population ( mortality rate )
    人工肾脏( 透析 ) == artificial kidney ( dialysis )
    人工节律器( 窦房结 ) == artificial pacemaker ( sinoatrial node )
    人工瓣膜( 心瓣膜 ) == artificial valve ( heart valve )
    人工关节 == artificial joint
    人字缝( 骨缝 ) == lambdoid suture ( suture )
    人乳( 乳汁 ) == human milk ( milk )
    人体生物学 == human biology ( biology )
    人类免疫不全病毒(人类免疫不全病毒) == Human Immunodeficiency virus ( HIV)
    人类基因组计画( 基因组 ) == Human Genome Project ( gemone )
    人体系统 == body system
    十二指肠 == duodemun



    三划

    三甘油酯( 脂肪 ) == triglyceride ( fat )
    三尖瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == tricuspid valve ( heart valve )
    三角肌 == deltoid
    三角骨( 腕骨 ) == triquetrum ( carpal )
    三胞胎( 多胎妊娠 ) == triplets ( multiple pregnancy )
    三级支气管( 支气管 ) == tertiary bronchus ( bronchus )
    下位的 == inferior
    下直肌( 眼直肌 ) == inferior rectus ( rectus eye muscle )
    下肢 == lower extremity
    下食道括约肌( 幽门括约肌 ) == lower oesophageal sphincter ( pyloric sphincter )
    下唇降肌( 口轮匝肌 ) == depressor labii inferioris ( orbicularis oris )
    下斜肌( 眼斜肌 ) == inferior oblique ( oblique eye muscle )
    下腔静脉( 腔静脉 ) == inferior vena cava ( vena cava )
    下视丘 == hypothalamus
    下鼻甲( 颜面骨 ) == inferior nasal coneha ( facial bone )
    下颌( 颌骨 ) == lower jaw ( jaw )
    下颌骨( 颜面骨 ) == mandible ( facial bone )
    下臂( 上肢 ) == lower arm ( upper extremity )
    上皮( 上皮组织 ) == epithelium ( epithelial tissue )
    上皮组织 == epithelial tissue
    上位的 == superior
    上直肌( 眼直肌 ) == superior rectus ( rectus eye muscle )
    上肢 == upper extremity
    上唇提肌( 口轮匝肌 ) == levator labii superioris ( orbicularis oris )
    上斜肌( 眼斜肌 ) == superior oblique ( sblique eye muscle )
    上腔静脉( 腔静脉 ) == superior vena cave ( vena cave )
    上颌( 颌骨 ) == upper jaw ( jaw )
    上颌骨( 颜面骨 ) == maxilla / maxillae ( facial bone )
    上臂( 上肢 ) == upper arm ( upper extremity)
    上颚犬齿( 犬齿 ) == eye teeth ( canine )
    上睑提肌( 眼轮匝肌 ) == levator palpebrae superioris ( orbicularis oculi )
    丸,丸剂( 避孕用具 ) == pill ( contraceptive )
    千卡( 千焦耳 ) == kilocalorie / kcal ( kilojoule )
    千焦耳( kj ) == kilojoule ( kh )
    口 == mouth
    口角降肌( 笑肌 ) == depressor anguli oris ( risorius )
    口角提肌( 笑肌) == levator anguli oris ( risorius )
    口渴( 营养 ) == thirst ( nutrition )
    口腔( 口 ) == oral cavity ( mouth )
    口轮匝肌 == orbicularis oris
    大分子( 分子 ) == macromolecule ( molecule )
    大阴唇( 阴道 ) == labia majora ( vagina )
    大量营养素 == macronutrient
    大肠 == large intestine
    大脑 == cerebrum
    大脑半球( 大脑 ) == cerebral hemisphere ( cerebrum )
    大脑疲质( 大脑 ) == cerebral cortex ( cerebrum )
    大腿( 下肢 ) == thigh ( lower extremity )
    大腿( 下肢 ) == upper leg ( lower cxtremity )
    大腿骨( 股骨 ) == thighbone ( femur )
    大隐静脉( 股静脉 ) == great saphenous vein ( femoral vein )
    子宫 == uterus / womb
    子宫内膜( 月经周期 ) == endometrium ( menstrual cycle )
    子宫颈( 子宫 ) == cervix ( uterus )
    小动脉( 动脉 ) == arteriole ( artery )
    小阴唇( 阴道 ) == labia minora ( vagina )
    小肠 == small intestine
    小脑 == cerebellum
    小叶( 肝细胞 ) == lobule ( hepatocyte )
    小叶( 肝 ) == lobule ( lung )
    小腿( 下肢 ) == lower leg ( lower extremity )
    小静脉( 静脉 ) == venule ( vein )
    干扰素 == interferon
    弓 == arch



    四划

    不孕 == infertility
    不表现的( 基因型 ) == unexpressed ( genotype )
    不相容血液( 血型 ) == incompatible blood ( blood group )
    不动关节( 关节 ) == fixed joint ( joint )
    不溶性纤维( 膳食纤维质 ) == insoluble fibre ( dietary fibre )
    不随意肌( 平滑肌 ) == involuntary muscle ( smooth muscle )
    不饱和的( 油 ) == unsaturated ( oil )
    中子( 原子 ) == neutron ( atom )
    中心粒( 纺锤体 ) == centriole ( spindle )
    中央窝( 视网膜 ) == fovea ( retina )
    中央管( 脑脊髓液 ) == central canal ( cerebrospinal fluid )
    中耳 == middle ear
    中风( 栓塞 ) == stroke ( thrombosis )
    中胚层( 分化 ) == mesoderm ( differentiation )
    中暑( 温度调节 ) == heatstroke ( thermoregulation )
    中轴 == axis
    中轴骨胳 == axial skeleton
    中脑( 脑干 ) == midbrain ( brain stem )
    中隔( 心脏 ) == septum ( heart )
    中线( 中轴 ) == midline ( axis )
    中枢神经系统( 神经系统 ) == central nervous system / CNS ( nervous system )
    元素 == element
    内分泌系统 == endocrine system
    内分泌腺( 腺体 ) == endocrine gland ( gland )
    内分泌学 == endocrinology
    内出血( 出血 ) == internal haemorrhage ( haemorrhage )
    内刺激( 刺激 ) == internal stimulus ( stimulus )
    内在环境( 环境 ) == internal environment ( enviromment )
    内收 == adduction
    内收肌( 内收 ) == adductor ( adduction )
    内收大肌( 内收长肌 ) == adductor magnus ( adductor longus )
    内收短肌( 内收长肌 ) == adductor brevis ( adductor longus )
    内耳 == inner ear
    内呼吸( 呼吸 ) == internal respiration ( reapiration )
    内直肌( 眼直肌 ) == medial rectus ( rectus eye muscle )
    内胚层( 分化 ) == endoderm ( differentiation )
    内侧的 == medial
    内斜肌( 外斜肌 ) == internal oblique ( external oblique )
    内视镜( 内视镜检查 ) == endoscope ( endoscopy )
    内视镜检查 == endoscopy
    内质网 == endoplasmic reticulum / ER
    六零六( 艾希利 ) == salvarsan ( Paul Ehrlich )
    分子 == molecule
    分化 == differentiation
    分泌( 腺体 ) == secretion ( gland )
    分娩( 生产 ) == parturition ( birth )
    分娩第一期( 阵痛 ) == first stage of labour ( labour )
    分娩第二期( 分娩 ) == second stage of labour ( laborur )
    分娩第三期( 分娩 ) == third stage of labour ( labour )
    分裂球( 卵裂 ) == blastomere ( cleavage )
    分节 == segmentation
    分叶( 肺 ) == segment ( lung )
    分解代谢 == catabolism
    分解代谢反应( 分解代谢 ) == catabolic reaction ( catabolism )
    分解激素 == hormone breaddown
    化学反应 == chemical reaction
    化学抵抗 == chemical resistance
    化合物 == chemical compound
    化学能( 能量 ) == chemical energy ( energy )
    化学受器 == chemoreceptor
    化学键 == chemical bond
    升结肠( 结肠 ) == ascending colon ( colon )
    反射 == reflelx
    反射弧 == reflex arc
    反应( 刺激 ) == response ( stimulus )
    天花 == smallpox
    尺神经 == ulnar nerve
    尺骨 == ulna
    尺侧屈腕肌( 手部屈肌 ) == flexor carpi ulnaris ( flexor of the hand )
    巴托林 == Bartholin , Csspar
    巴甫洛夫 == Pavlov , Ivan
    巴斯德 == Pasteur , Louis
    巴齐尼氏小体( 机械性受器 ) == Pancinian corpuscle ( mechanoreceptor )
    引起过敏的( 过敏原 ) == allergenic ( allergen )
    心力衰竭( 心脏病发作 ) == heart failure ( heart attack )
    心包囊( 心脏 ) == pericardium ( heart )
    心肌 == cardiac muscle
    心肌梗塞( 心脏病发作 ) == myocardial infarction ( heart attack )
    心房 == atrium / atria
    心房收缩( 心抟 ) == atrial systole ( heartbeat )
    心室( 心脏 ) == ventricle ( heart )
    心室收缩( 心抟 ) == ventricular systole ( heartbeat )
    心舒期( 心抟 ) == diastole ( heartbeat )
    心抟.心跳 == heartbeat
    心抟周期( 心抟 ) == heartbeat cycle ( heartbeat )
    心跳速率 == heart rate
    心电图( 心电图仪 ) == ECG / electrocardiogram ( electrocardiograph )
    心电图仪 == electrocardiograph
    心瓣膜 == heart valve
    心脏 == heart
    心脏血管系统( 循环系统 ) == cardiovascular system ( circulatory system )
    心脏病发作 == heart attack
    心脏病学 == cardiology
    手 == hand
    手指( 指骨 ) == finger / digit ( phalanx of the hand )
    手部伸肌 == extensor of the hand
    手部屈肌 == flexor of the hand
    支气管 == bronchus / bronchi
    支气管分支 == bronchial tree
    月状骨( 腕骨 ) == lunate ( carpal )
    月经 == menstruation
    月经周期 == menstrual cycle
    止痛剂( 药物 ) == analgesic ( drug )
    比目鱼肌( 跟腱 ) == soleus ( Achilles tendon )
    比沙 == Bichat , Marie Francois
    毛细胞 == hair cell
    毛发 == hair
    毛囊( 毛发 ) == hair follicle ( hair )
    水 == water / H2O
    水痘 == chickenpox
    水溶性纤维生素 == water-soluble vitamins
    水样波( 玻璃液 ) == aqueous humour ( vitreous humour )
    牙痛( 龋齿 ) == toothache ( tooth decay )
    牙齿 == tooth
    生皮癣 == psoriasis
    犬齿 == canine


    五划

    丙酮酸( 糖解 ) == pyruvic acid ( glycolysis )
    主动免疫( 免疫 ) == active immunization ( immunization )
    主动脉 == aorta
    主动脉半月瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == aortic semilunar valve ( heart valve )
    主动运动 == active transport
    代谢 == metabolism
    代谢脂肪 == fat metabolism
    代谢蛋白质 == protein metabolism
    代谢率 == metabolic rate
    代谢产物 == metabolite
    代谢障碍 == metabolic disorder
    充氧血( 动脉 ) == oxygenated blood ( artery )
    出汗( 排汗 ) == sweating ( perspiration )
    出血 == haemorrhage
    出生率( 死亡率 ) == birth rate ( mortality rate )
    加瓦尼 == Galvani , Luigi
    加伦 == Galen , Claudius ( Galenus )
    北里柴三郎 == Kitasato , Shibasaburo
    半月板 == meniscus / menisci
    半动关节( 关节 ) == partially moveable joint ( joint )
    半球( 小脑 ) == hemisphere ( cerebellum )
    半规管 == semicircular canal
    半透膜( 差异性渗透膜 ) == semi-permeable membrane ( differentially )
    半腱肌( 腿后腱 ) == semitendinosus ( hamstring )
    半膜肌( 腿后腱 ) == semimembranosus ( hamstring )
    卡路里( 禾焦耳 ) == calorie ( kilojoule )
    卡尔梅特 == Calmette , Albert
    去氧核糖核酸 == DNA
    去氧核糖核酸( 去氧核糖核酸 ) == deoxyribonucleic ( DNA )
    去胺基作用 == deamination
    可伦坡 == Colombo , Matteo
    可溶性纤维( 膳食纤维质 ) == soluble fibre ( dietary fibre )
    右肺动脉( 肺循环 ) == right pulmonary artery ( pulmonary circulation )
    右肺静脉( 肺循环 ) == right pulmonary vein ( pulmonary circulation )
    右淋巴导管( 淋巴管 ) == right lymphatic duct ( lymph vessel )
    史密斯 == Smith , Theobald
    史塔林( 高峰丈吉 ) == Starling , Ernest ( Jokichi , Takamine )
    四分体( 交换 ) == tetrad ( crossing over )
    四胞胎( 多胎妊娠 ) == quadruplets ( multiple pregnancy )
    外分泌腺( 腺体 ) == exocrine gland ( gland )
    外出血( 出血 ) == external haemorrhage ( haemorrhage )
    外半规管( 半规管 ) == lateral semicircular canal ( semicircular canal )
    外皮( 外皮系统 ) == integument ( integumentary system )
    外皮系统 == integumentary system
    外在环境( 环境 ) == external environment ( environment )
    外耳 == outer ear
    外耳道( 外耳 ) == auditory canal ( outer ear )
    外呼吸( 呼吸 ) == external respiration ( respiration )
    外刺激( 刺激 ) == external stimulus ( stimulus )
    外直肌( 眼直肌 ) == lateral rectus ( rectus eye muscle )
    外胚层( 分化 ) == ectoderm ( differentiation )
    外展 == abduction
    外展肌( 外展 ) == abductor ( abduction )
    外侧的( 内侧的 ) == lateral ( medial )
    外斜肌 == external oblique
    巨人症( 生长激素 ) == gigantism ( growh hormone )
    左肺动脉( 肺循环 ) == left pulmonary artery ( pulmonary circulation )
    左肺静脉( 肺循环 ) == left pulmonary vein ( pulmonary circulation )
    平面关节( 滑动关节 ) == plane joint ( gliding joint )
    平滑内质网( 内质网 ) == smooth endoplasmic reticulum ( endoplasmic reticulum )
    平滑肌 == smooth muscle
    平衡 == balance
    平衡( 平衡 ) == equilibrium ( balance )
    弗拉卡斯托罗 == Fuacastoro , Girolamo
    弗勒明 == Flemming , Walther
    必需胺基酸 == essential amino acid
    本能( 行为 ) == instinct ( behaviour )
    本能行为( 行为 ) == instinctive behaviour ( behaviour )
    本体感受器( 机械性受器 ) == proprioceptor ( mechanoreceptor )
    正子发射断层( 正子发射断层摄影 ) == PET / positron emission tomograph ( positron emission tomography )
    正子发射断层摄影 == positron emission tomography
    正中神经( 桡神经 ) == median nerve ( radial nerve )
    正回馈( 回馈系统 ) == positive feedback ( feedback system )
    甘油( 脂肪 ) == glycerol ( fat )
    甘农( 贝尔那 ) == Cannon , Walter ( Claude Bernard )
    生化学家( 生物化学 ) == biochemist ( biochemistry )
    生育控制 == birth control
    生物化学 == biochemistry
    生物时钟( 昼夜节律 ) == biological clock ( circadian rhythm )
    生物素 == biotin
    生物学 == biology
    生长 == growth
    生长激素 == growth hormone
    生理学 == physiology
    生理学家( 生理学 ) == physiologist ( physiology )
    生产 == birth
    生殖系统 == reproductive system
    生殖周期 == reproductive cycle
    生殖器( 生殖系统 ) == genitals ( reproductive system )
    用手习惯 == handedness
    甲状软骨( 喉 ) == thyroid cartilage ( larynx )
    甲状腺 == thyroid gland
    甲状腺素( 甲状腺 ) == thyroxine ( thyroid gland )
    甲状腺机能亢进( 代谢障碍 ) == hyperthyroidism ( metabolic disorder )
    白子( 黑色素 ) == albinos ( melanin )
    白化症 == albinism
    白血病 == leukaemia
    白血球 == white blood cell / leucocyte
    白喉 == diphtheria
    白质 == white matter
    布罗卡 == Broca , Paul
    皮内尔 == Pinel , Phillipe
    皮脂( 皮脂腺 ) == sebum ( sebaceous gland )
    皮脂腺 == sebaceous gland
    皮肤 == skin
    皮肤病学 == dermatology
    皮质( 肾上腺 ) == cortex ( adrenal gland )
    皮质( 肾 ) == cortex ( kidney )
    皮质骨( 致密骨 ) == cortical bone ( compact bone )
    皮质类固醇( 肾上腺 ) == corticosteroid ( sdrenal gland )
    矢状缝( 骨缝 ) == sagittal suture ( suture )
    石绵肺症 == asbestosis



    六划

    交叉( 交换 ) == chiasmata / chiasma ( crossing over )
    交换 == crossing over
    交媾( 性交 ) == copulation ( sexual intercourse )
    交感神经系统( 自律神经系统 ) == sympathetic nervous system ( autonomic nervous system )
    亥姆霍兹 == Helmhltz , Hermann
    休克 == shock
    光受器 == photoreceptor
    光学显微镜( 显微镜检查 ) == light microscope ( microscopy )
    光学显微照片( 显微镜检查 ) == light micrograph ( microscopy )
    先天性反射 == inborn reflex
    先天性行为( 行为 ) == innate behaviour ( behaviour )
    先天性缺陷 == birth defect
    全身感觉( 感觉 ) == general sense ( sense )
    共价键( 化学键) == covalent bond ( chemical bond )
    再生( 组织 ) == regeneration ( tissue )
    列奥米尔 == Reaumur , Rene Antoine
    同化作用 == assimilation
    同卵双胞胎 == identical twins
    同源染色体 == homologous chromosome
    同质结合细胞 == homozygous cell
    合子 == zygote
    合成代谢 == anabolism
    合成代谢反应( 合成代谢 ) == anabolic reaction ( anabolism )
    回馈系统 == feedback system
    多不饱和脂肪( 油 ) == polyunsaturated fat ( oil )
    多伊西 == Doisy , Edward
    多胎妊脤 == multiple pregnancy
    多发性硬化 == multiple sclerosis ( MS )
    多醣( 碳水化合物) == polysaccharide ( carbohydrate )
    字根 == word root
    安.纳菲斯 == An-Nafis , Ibn
    安德森 == Anderson , Elizabeth Garrett
    成人 == adult
    成年齿( 恒齿 ) == adult teeth ( permanent teeth )
    收缩压( 血压计 ) == systolic blood pressur ( sphygmomanometer )
    早产 == premature birth
    有性生殖( 生殖系统 ) == sexual reproduction ( reproductive system )
    有氧呼吸 == aerobic respiration
    有丝分裂 == mitosis
    有意识的( 意识 ) == conscious ( consciousness )
    有机化合物 == organic compound
    次级支气管( 支气管 ) == secondary ( bronchus )
    次级滤泡( 滤泡 ) == secondary follicle ( follicle )
    死亡 == death
    死亡率 == mortality rate / death rate
    汗( 汗线 ) == sweat ( sweat gland )
    汗孔( 汗腺 ) == sweat pore ( sweat gland )
    汗线 == sweat gland
    汗管( 汗腺 ) == sweat duct ( sweat gland )
    灰质 == grey matter
    百日咳 == whooping cough / pertussis
    米勒 == Muller , Johannes
    米德 == Mead , Margaret
    羊水( 羊膜 ) == amniotic fluid ( amnion )
    羊膜 == amnion
    羊膜穿刺术( 羊膜 ) == amniocentesis ( amnion )
    老化 == ageing
    老花眼( 远视 ) == presbyopia ( long sight )
    耳 == ear
    耳石( 球囊 ) == otolith ( saccule )
    耳咽管 == eustachian tube
    耳廓( 外耳 ) == pinna ( outer ear )
    耳鸣 == tinnitus
    耳蜗 == cochlea
    耳聋 == deafness
    肋骨( 胸廓 ) == rib ( ribcage )
    肋软骨( 胸廓 ) == costal cartilage ( ribcage )
    肋间肌 == intercostal muscle
    肌小束( 肌肉 ) == sarcomere ( muscle )
    肌肉 == muscle
    肌肉收缩 == muscle contraction
    肌肉疲劳 == muscle fatigue
    肌肉组织 == muscular tissue
    肌肉紧张( 肌肉收缩 ) == muscle tone (muscle contraction )
    肌原纤维( 肌肉 ) == myofibril ( muscle )
    肌动蛋白( 肌肉 ) == actin ( muscle )
    肌凝蛋白( 肌肉 ) == myosin ( muscle )
    肌肉萎缩症 == muscular dystrophy
    肌纤维( 肌肉 ) == muscle fibre / myofibre ( muscle )
    自律神经系统 == autonomic nervous system
    自然免疫( 免疫系统 ) == natural immunity ( immune system )
    自溶( 溶梅体 ) == autolysis ( lysosome )
    自体免疫 == autoimmunity
    自体免疫疾病( 自体免疫 ) == autoimmune disease ( autoimmunity )
    臼齿 == molar
    舌 == tongue
    舌下腺( 唾液腺 ) == sublingual gland ( salivary galnd )
    舌骨 == hyoid bone
    舟状骨( 腕骨 ) == scaphoid ( carpal )
    舟状骨( 跗骨 ) == navicular ( tarsal )
    色盲 == colour blindness
    色觉 == colour vision
    艾克曼 == Eijkman , Christiaan
    艾利希 == Ehrlich , Paul
    血小板 == platelet
    血小板栓子( 血小板 ) == platelet plug ( platelet )
    血友病( 凝固 ) == haemophilia ( coagulation )
    血型 == blood group
    血型系统( 血型 ) == blood group system ( blood group )
    血红素 == haemoglobin
    血栓( 栓塞 ) == thrombus ( thrombosis )
    血栓细胞( 血小板 ) == thrombocyte ( platelet )
    血液 == blood
    血液透析( 透析 ) == haemodialysis ( dialysis )
    血液学 == haematology
    血管 == blood vessel
    血管加压素( 抗利尿激素 ) == vasopressin ( antidiuretic hormone )
    血管收缩( 血管舒张 ) == vasoconstriction ( vasodilation )
    血管造影( 血管造影术 ) == angiograph (angiography )
    血管造影片( 血管造影术 ) == angiogram (angiography )
    血管造影术 == angiography
    血管舒张 == vasodilation
    血凝块( 凝固 ) == blood clot ( coagulation )
    血浆 == blood plasma
    血浆蛋白( 血浆 ) == plasma protein ( blood plasma )
    血糖( 葡萄糖 ) == blood sugar ( glucose )
    血压 == blood pressure
    血压计 == sphygmomanometer
    行为 == behaviour
    囟门 == fontanelle



    七划

    亨耳 == Henle , Friedrich
    亨氏环( 肾小管 ) == loop of Henle ( renal tubule )
    亨特 == Hunter , John
    佛莱明爵士 == Fleming , Sir Alexander
    佛罗瑞爵士 == Florey , Sir Howard
    伸肌( 伸展 ) == extensor ( extension )
    伸肌支带( 手部伸肌 ) == extensor retinaculum ( extensor of the hand )
    伸肌支带( 足部伸肌 ) == extensor retinaculum ( extensor of the foot )
    伸展 == extension
    伸展感受器( 机械性受器 ) == stretch receptor ( mechanoreceptor )
    低张的( 等张的 ) == hypotonic ( isotonic )
    佝偻病 == rickets
    克里克 == Crick , Francis
    克列伯氏循环 == Krebs cycle
    克列伯斯 == Krebs , Hans
    免疫反应 == immune response
    免疫系统 == immune system
    免疫法 == immunization
    免疫( 免疫系统 ) == immune ( immune system )
    免疫球蛋白( 抗体 ) == immunoglobulin ( antibody )
    免疫学 == immunology
    利斯特 == Lister , Joseph
    利维 – 蒙塔西尼 == Levi-Montalcini , Rita
    卵子 == ovum / ova
    卵子发生( 卵子 ) == oogenesis ( ovum )
    卵母细胞( 卵子 ) == oocyte ( ovum )
    卵巢 == ovary
    卵巢周期 == ovarian cycle
    卵细胞( 卵子 ) == egg cell ( ovum )
    卵裂 == cleavage
    卵圆窗( 内耳 ) == oval window ( inner ear )
    卵磷脂( 磷脂 ) == lecithin ( phospholipid )
    吞噬作用 == phagocytosis
    吞噬细胞 == phagocyte
    吞咽 == swallowing
    呃逆 == hiccup / hiccough
    吸入 == inhalation
    吸入( 气体交换 ) == inhale ( gas exchange )
    吸收 == absorption
    吸气( 吸入 ) == inspiration ( inhalation )
    含氮废物( 排泄 ) == nitrogenous waste ( excretion )
    均衡的饮食( 食物 ) == balanced diet ( diet )
    坐骨( 骨盆带 ) == ischium ( pelvic girdle )
    坐骨神经 == sciatic nerve
    坐骨神经痛 == sciatica
    妊娠 == pregnancy
    尿素( 尿液 ) == urea ( urine )
    尿液 == urine
    尿道( 膀胱 ) == urethra ( bladder )
    尿嘧啶( 盐基 ) == uracil ( base )
    利尿剂( 抗利尿激素 ) == diuretic ( antidiuretic hormone )
    尾骨 == coccyx
    尾椎( 尾骨 ) == coccygeal vertebra ( coccyx )
    希波克拉底 == Hippocrates
    希斯 == His , Wilhelm
    快速动眼睡眠( 睡眠 ) == rapid eye movement sleep / REM sleep ( sleep )
    抗生素( 药物 ) == antibiotic ( drug )
    抗利尿激素 == antidiuretic hormone / ADH
    抗原 == antigen
    抗胰岛素 == glucagon
    抗组织胺药物( 枯草热 ) == antihistamine drug ( hay fever )
    抗凝血剂 == anticoagulant
    抗坏血酸( 维生素C ) == ascorbic acid ( vitamin C )
    抗体 == antibody
    抗体间接免疫(体液免液) == antibody-mediated immunity ( humoral immunity )
    扭伤 == sprain
    折射( 调节 ) == refracted ( accommodation )
    杜维 == Duve , Christian de
    杓状软骨( 喉 ) == arytenoid cartilage ( larynx )
    沙克 == Salk , Jonas
    狂犬病 == rabies
    肝 == liver
    肝炎 == hepatitis
    肝门静脉( 肝动脉 ) == hepatic portal vein ( hepatic artery )
    肝动脉 == hepatic artery
    肝细胞 == hepatocyte
    肝循环( 肝动脉 ) == hepatic circulation ( hepatic artery )
    肝糖 == glycogen
    肘( 铰金关节 ) == elbow ( hinge joint )
    肛门( 直肠 ) == anus ( rectum )
    肛门内括约肌( 直肠 ) == internal anal sphincter ( rectum )
    肛门外括约肌( 直肠 ) == external anal sphincter ( rectum )
    肛道( 直肠 ) == anal canal ( rectum )
    肚脐( 脐带 ) == navel ( umbilical cord )
    角蛋白( 结构蛋白 ) == keratin ( atructural protein )
    角膜 == cornea
    角质层( 表皮 ) == cornified layer ( epidermis )
    贝尔 == Baer , Karl von
    贝尔那 == Benard , Claude
    贝尔爵士 == Bell , Sir Charles
    足.脚 == foot
    足部伸肌 == extensor of the foot
    足部屈肌 == flexor of the foot
    足趾( 趾骨 ) == toe / digit ( phalanx of the foot )
    足跟( 跗骨 ) == heel ( tarsal )
    防腐剂 == antiseptic
    八划

    乳化( 胆汁 ) == emulsify ( bile )
    乳汁 == milk
    乳房( 泌乳 ) == breast ( lactation )
    乳腺( 泌乳 ) == mammary gland ( lactation )
    乳管( 泌乳 ) == milk duct ( lactation )
    乳酸( 糖解 ) == lactic acid ( glycolysis )
    乳酸酦酵 == lactic acid fermentation
    乳齿 == milk teeth
    乳糖 == lactose
    乳糖梅( 乳糖 ) == lactase ( lactose )
    乳头( 味蕾 ) == papilla ( taste bud)
    乳头( 泌乳 ) == nipple ( lactation )
    乳糜管 == lacteal
    供血者( 输血 ) == blood donor ( blood transfusion )
    佩鲁茨 == Perutz , Max
    侏儒症( 生长激素 ) == dwarfism ( growth hormone )
    两手同利的 == ambidextrous ( handedness )
    刺激 == stimulus
    受孕 == conception
    受精 == fertilization
    受器( 感觉神经元 ) == receptor ( sensory neuron )
    受器位置( 激素 ) == receptor site ( bormone )
    味孔( 味蕾 ) == taste pore ( taste bud )
    味道( 味觉 ) == flavour ( taste )
    味蕾 == taste bud
    味觉 == taste
    呼出 == exhalation
    呼出( 气体交换 ) == exhale ( gas exchange )
    呼吸 == breathing
    呼吸 == respiration
    呼吸中枢( 呼吸速率 ) == respiratory centre ( breathing rate )
    呼吸系统 == respiratory system
    呼吸控制 == respiratory control
    呼吸速率 == breathing rate
    呼吸道 == respiratory tract
    呼吸膜 == respiratory membrane
    呼气( 呼出 ) == expiration ( exhalation )
    周围的,末梢的 == peripheral
    周围神经( 神经系统 ) == peripheral nerve ( nervous system )
    周围神经系统( 神经系统 ) == peripheral nervous system ( nervous system )
    固定巨噬细胞( 单核球 ) == fixed macrophage ( monocyte )
    夜盲 == night blindness
    孟德尔 == Mendel , Gregor
    屈曲 == flexion
    屈肌( 屈曲 ) == flexor ( flexion )
    屈肌支带( 手部屈肌 ) == flexor retinaculum ( flexor of the hand )
    屈趾长肌( 足部屈肌 ) == flexor digitorum longus ( flexor of the foot )
    屈拇长肌( 足部屈肌 ) == flexor hallucis longus ( flexor of the foot )
    屈拇短肌( 对掌拇肌 ) == flexor pollicis brevis (opponens pollicis )
    屈指浅肌( 手部屈肌 ) == flexor digitorum superficialis ( flexor of the hand )
    屈趾短肌 == flexor digitorum brevis
    帕金森氏症 == Parkinson’s disease
    帕雷 == Pare , Ambroise
    延髓( 脑干 ) == medulla oblongata ( brain stem )
    弧影( 指甲 ) == lunula ( nail )
    性交 == sexual intercourse
    性染色体 == sex chromosome
    性细胞 == sex cell
    性联对偶基因 == sex-linked allele
    性激素 == sex hormone
    拉瓦钖 == Lavoisier , Antoine
    拉埃内克 == Laennec , Rene Theophile
    拇指( 指骨 ) == thumb / first digit ( phalanx of the hand )
    拇趾( 趾骨 ) == big toe ( phalanx of the foot )
    拇囊肿 == bunion
    抵抗力 == resistance
    放射线照片( 放射线摄影术 ) == radiograph ( radiography )
    放射线摄影术 == radiography
    昏迷( 意识 ) == coma ( consciousness )
    枕骨大孔( 颅 ) == foramen magnum ( cranium )
    枕骨( 颅 ) == occipital bone ( cranium )
    枕骨肌( 额肌 ) == occipitalis ( frontalis )
    果糖( 糖 ) == fructose / fruit sugar ( sugar )
    林德 == Lind , James
    杵臼关节 == ball-and socket joint
    泌尿系统 == urinary system
    泌乳 == lactation
    柲乳反射( 泌乳 ) == milk let-down reflex ( lactation )
    波特 == Pott , Percival
    法布里休斯 == Fabricius , Hieronymus
    法罗皮欧 == Fallopio Gabriello
    油 == oil
    治疗( 诊断 ) == therapy ( diagnosis )
    泡( 胞饮作用 ) == vesicle ( pinocytosis )
    泛酸 == pantothenic acid
    炎症 == inflammation
    盲肠 == caecum
    盲点 == blind spot
    直肠 == rectum
    空肠 == jejunum
    肺 == lung
    肺半月瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == pulmonary semilunar valve ( heart valve )
    肺泡 == alveolus / alveoli
    肺泡巨噬细胞( 尘细胞 ) == alveolar macrophage ( dust cell )
    肺炎 == pneumonia
    肺活量 == vital capacity
    肺气肿 == emphysema
    肺循环 == pulmonary circulation
    肺叶( 肺 ) == lobe ( lung )
    肥胖 == obesity
    肢带 == girdle
    肱二头肌 == biceps brachii
    肱三头肌 == triceps brachii
    肱肌 == brachialis
    肱骨 == humerus
    肱骨内髁( 尺神经 ) == funny bone ( ulnar nerve )
    肱动脉 == brachial artery
    肱静脉 == brachial vein
    肱桡肌 == brachioradialis
    股二头肌( 腿后腱 ) == biceps femoris ( hamstring )
    股中间肌( 股四头肌 ) == vastus intermedius ( quadriceps femoris )
    股内侧肌( 股四头肌 ) == vastus medialis ( quadriceps femoris )
    股四头肌 == quadriceps femoris
    股外侧肌( 股四头肌 ) == vastus lateralis ( quadriceps femoris )
    股直肌( 股四头肌 ) == rectus femoris ( quadriceps femoris )
    股骨 == femur
    股动脉 == femoral artery
    股静脉 == femoral vein
    肩( 杵臼关节 ) == shoulder ( ball-and-socket joint )
    肩胛骨( 胸带 ) == shoulderblade / scapula ( pectoral girdle )
    肩带( 胸带 ) == shoulder girdle ( pectoral girdle )
    虎克 == Hooke , Robert
    初乳 == colostrum
    初级支气管( 支气管 ) == primary bronchus ( bronhus )
    初级滤泡( 滤泡 ) == primary follicle ( follicle )
    初经,月经初潮 == menarche
    表皮 == epidermis
    表皮山脊 == epidermal ridge
    表皮角层( 指甲 ) == cuticle ( nail )
    表面的 == superficial
    表面活性剂 == surfactant
    表面张力( 表面活性剂 ) == surface tension ( surfactant )
    表现的( 基因型 ) == expressed ( genotype )
    表现型 == phenotype
    近曲小管( 肾小管 ) == proximal convoluted tubule ( renal tubule )
    近视 == short sight / near sight / myopia
    近端的 == proximal
    长出( 牙齿 ) == erupt ( tooth )
    长拇趾伸肌( 足部伸肌 ) == extensor hallucis longus (extensor of the foot )
    长趾伸肌( 足部伸肌 ) == extensor digitorum longus (extensor of the foot )
    长期记忆( 记忆 ) == long-term memory ( memory )
    门齿 == incisor
    阿米巴病( 阿米巴痢疾 ) == amoebiasis ( amoebic dysentery )
    阿米巴痢疾 == amoebic dysentery
    阿滋海默症 == Alzheimer’s disease
    阿尔克迈翁 == Alcmaeon
    阿维森纳 == Avicenna , Idn Sina
    附肢( 附肢骨骼 ) == appendage ( appendicular skeleton )
    附肢骨骼 == appendicular skeletom
    青少年期 ==adolescence
    青春期 == puberty
    非快速动眼睡眠( 睡眠 ) == non-rapid eye movement sleep / NREM sleep ( sleep)
    非专一性抵抗力( 抵抗力 ) == non-specific resistance ( resistance )
    非传染性疾病 == non-infectious
    非传染病( 传染病 ) == non-communicable disease (communicable disease )



    九划

    保温箱( 早产 ) == incubator ( premature birth )
    保险箱( 避孕用具 ) == condom ( contraceptive )
    促毋状腺激素( 脑下垂体 ) == thyroid-stimulating hormone ( pituitary gland )
    促甲状腺激素( 脑下垂体 ) == thyrotropin ( pituitary gland )
    促肾上腺皮质激素( 脑下垂体 ) == ACTH / adrenocorticotrophic hormone ( pituitary gland )
    促进扩散( 扩散 ) == facilitated diffusion ( diffusion )
    促滤泡成熟激素 == follicle-stimulating hormone / FSH
    冠( 法琅质 ) == crown ( enamel )
    冠状动脉 == coronary artery
    冠状动脉栓塞( 冠状动脉 ) == coronary thrombosis ( coronary artery )
    冠状循环( 冠状动脉 ) == coronary circulation ( coronary artery )
    冠状缝( 骨缝 ) == coronal suture ( suture )
    冠状窦( 冠状动脉 ) == coronary sinus ( coronary artery )
    前半规管( 半规管) == anterior semicircular canal ( semicircular canal )
    前列腺,摄护腺 == prostate gland
    前臼齿 == premolar
    前囟( 囟门 ) == anterior fontanelle ( fontanelle )
    前面的 == anterior
    前庭( 球囊 ) == vestibule ( saccule )
    前脑 == forebrain
    前叶( 脑下垂体 ) == anterior lobe ( pituitary gland )
    前锯肌 == serratus anterior
    前臂( 上肢 ) == forearm ( upper extremity )
    咳嗽 == coughing
    咽 == pharynx
    咽喉( 咽 ) == throat ( pharynx )
    哈氏小管( 骨单元 ) == Haversian canal ( osteon )
    哈氏系统( 骨单元 ) == Haversian system ( osteon )
    哈弗斯 == Havers , Clopton
    哈勒 == Haller , Albrecht von
    哈维 == Harvery , William
    垂体神部( 脑下垂体 ) == neurohypophysis ( pituitary gland )
    垂体腺性部( 脑下垂体 ) == adenohypophysis ( pituitary gland )
    姿势( 肌肉收缩 ) == posture ( muscle contraction )
    威尔柯夫 == Virchow , Rudolph
    封闭式骨折( 骨折 ) == closed fracture ( fracture )
    幽门括约肌 == pyloric sphincter
    后天性免疫下全征候群( 爱滋病 ) == Acquired lmmune Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS )
    后半规管( 半规管 ) == posterior semicircular canal ( semicircular canal )
    后囟( 囟门 ) == posterior fontanelle ( fontanelle )
    后面的 == posterior
    后叶( 脑下垂体 ) == posterior lobe ( pituitary gland )
    扁平足 == flat foot
    扁桃腺 == tonsil
    拮抗( 对掌拇肌 ) == oppose ( opponens pollicis )
    拮抗组( 骨骼肌 ) == antagonistic pair ( skeletal muscle )
    指甲 == nail
    指纹( 表皮山脊 ) == fingerprint ( epidermal ridge )
    指骨 == phalanx / phalanges of the hand
    指节 == knuckle
    括约肌 == sphincter
    染色分体( 染色体 ) == chromatid ( chromosome )
    染色体 == chromosome
    染色体数( 染色体 ) == chromosome number ( chromosome )
    柔毛( 毛发 ) == vellus hair ( hair )
    枯草热 == hay fever
    柯蒂氏器( 耳蜗 ) == organ of Corti ( cochlea )
    柯霍 == Doch , Robert
    毒素( 病原体 ) == toxin ( pathogen )
    氟 == fluorine
    流行性感冒 == influenza / flu
    流行性腮腺炎 == mumps
    流行( 接触传染病 ) == epidemic ( contagious disease )
    流行病学家( 病理学 ) == epidemiologist ( pathology )
    流产 == miscarriage
    活体组织检查 == biopsy
    洛尔 == Lower, Richard
    玻璃液 == vitreous humour
    玻璃软骨 == hyaline cartilage
    玻璃体( 玻璃液 ) == vitreous body ( vitreous humour )
    疫苗 == vaccine
    疫苗接种( 疫苗 ) == vaccination ( vaccine )
    眉毛( 眼睑 ) == eyebrow ( eyelid )
    科罗纳 == Khorana , Hai Gobind
    穿孔( 鼓膜 ) == perforated ( eardrum )
    突触 == synapse
    突触小结( 突触 ) == synaptic knob ( synapse )
    突变 == mutation
    红血球 == red blood cell / erythrocyte
    红骨髓( 骨髓 ) == red marrow ( bone marrow )
    红绿色盲( 色盲 ) == red-green colour blindness ( colour blindness )
    耶尔森 == Yersin , Alexandre
    胚胎 == embryo
    胚胞 == blastocyst
    胃 == stomach
    胃小凹( 胃液 ) == gastric pit ( gastric juice )
    胃液 == gastric juice
    胃蛋白梅( 胃液 ) == pepsin ( gastric juice )
    胃肠病学 == gastroenterology
    胃肠道( 消化系统 ) == gastrointestinal tract ( digestive system )
    胃腺( 胃液 ) == gastric gland ( gastric juice )
    背面的( 后面的 ) == dorsal ( posterior )
    背根( 神经根 ) == dorsal root ( nerve root )
    背阔肌 == latissimus dorsi
    胎毛( 毛发 ) == lanugo ( hair)
    胎儿 == fetus
    胎记( 先天性缺陷 ) == birthmark ( birth defeet )
    胎盘 == placenta
    胞饮作用 == pinocytosis
    胞嘧啶( 盐基 ) == cytosine ( base )
    胞器 == organelle
    致癌物质( 癌症 ) == carcinogen ( cancer )
    苯酮尿症 == phenylketonuria / PKU
    虹膜 == iris
    负回馈( 回馈系统 ) == negative feedback ( feedback system )
    迪奥斯科里斯 == Dioscorides , Pedanius
    重组( 交换 ) == recombination (crossing over )
    降肌( 降肌 ) == depressor ( depression )
    降血钙素( 甲状腺 ) == calcitonin ( thyroid gland )
    降低 == depression
    降低毒性的( 疫苗 ) == attenuated ( vaccine )
    降结肠( 结肠 ) == descending colon ( colon )
    音箱( 喉 ) == voice box ( larynx )
    音调( 听觉 ) == pitch ( hearing )
    风湿症 == rheumatism
    飞沬传递( 传染性疾病 ) == droplet transmission ( infectious disease )
    食道 == oesophagus
    食管( 食道 ) == gullet ( oesophagus )
    食糜 == chyme
    胜胎( 胺基酸 ) == peptide ( amino acid )
    胜胎键( 胺基酸 ) == peptide linkage / peptide bond ( amino acid )
    胜胎梅( 小肠 ) == peptidase ( small intestine )
    恒齿 == permanent teeth
    恒定性 == homeostasis



    十划

    俯卧的( 旋前肌 ) == prone ( pronator )
    伦琴 == Roentgen , Wilhelm
    剖腹生产术 == Caesarian section
    剖检( 活体组织检查 ) == autopsy ( biopsy )
    原子 == atom
    原生动物( 病原体 ) == protozoa ( pathogen )
    原发性反应( 免疫反应 ) == primary response ( immune response )
    唐氏征候群 == Down’s syndrome
    哮喘 == asthma
    埃因托芬 == Einthoven , Willem
    夏盖 == Chargaff , Erwin
    家庭计划( 生育控制 ) == family planning ( birth control )
    射精( 性交 ) == ejaculate ( sexual intercourse )
    展拇短肌( 对掌拇肌 ) == abductor pollicis brevis ( opponens pollicis )
    差异成长( 发育 ) == differential growth ( development )
    差异性渗透膜 == differentially permeable membrane
    库希奥科病 == kwashiorkor
    库弗氏细胞( 肝细胞 ) == Kupffer cell ( hepatocyte )
    库纳 == Kuhne , Wilhelm
    耻骨( 骨盆带 ) == pubis ( pelvic girdle )
    耻骨肌( 内收长肌 ) == pectineus ( adductor longus )
    恩培多克勒 == Empedocles
    捐赠者( 排斥反应 ) == donor ( rejection )
    旅行病 ( 半规管 ) == travel sickness ( semicircular canal )
    朗格汉 == Langerhans , Paul
    核孔( 核 ) == nuclear pore ( nucleus )
    核型 == karyotype
    核甘酸( 核酸 ) == nucleotides ( nucleic acid )
    核黄素 (维生素B2 ) == riboflavin ( vitamin B2 )
    核磁共振成像 == magnetic resonance imaging
    核磁共振影像 == MRI / magnetic resonance image ( magnetic resonance imaging )
    核酸 == nuclelic acid
    核膜( 细胞核 ) == nuclear envelope / nuclear membrane ( nucleus )
    核糖核酸 == RNA
    核糖核酸( 核糖核酸 ) == ribonucleic acid ( RNA )
    核糖体 == ribosome
    根( 齿质 ) == root ( dentine )
    根管( 髓 ) == root canal ( pulp )
    桑格 == Sanger , Frederick
    桑椹体 == morula
    柴恩爵士 == Chain , Sir Ernst Boris
    格拉夫 == Graaf , Regnier de
    格拉夫滤泡 == Graafian follicle ( follicle )
    栓塞 == thrombosis
    气管 == trachea / windpipe
    气体交换 == gas exchange
    氧 ( 元素 ) == oxygen / O2 ( element )
    氧 / 二氧化碳平衡( 呼吸控制 ) == oxygen / carbon dioxide balance (respiratory control )
    氧化作用 == oxidation
    氧合血红素( 血红素 ) == oxyhaemoglobin ( haemoglobin )
    氧债 == oxygen debt
    消化 == digestion
    消化系统 == digestive system
    消化道( 消化系统 ) == alimentary canal ( digestive system )
    海桑 == Alhazen
    海绵骨 == spongy bone
    浮肋( 胸廓 ) == floating rib ( ribcage )
    特化( 细胞分裂 ) == specialized ( cell division )
    特殊感觉( 感觉 ) == special sense ( sense )
    班廷 == Banting , Sir Frederick
    班那顿 == Benenden , Edouard van
    疾病 == disease
    病毒 == virus
    致病的,病原的( 细菌 ) == pathogenic ( bacteria )
    病原体 == pathogen
    病理学 == pathology
    病理学家( 病理学 ) == pathologist ( pathology )
    病媒( 传染性疾病 ) == vector ( infectious disease )
    病菌( 细菌 ) == germ ( bacteria )
    病征( 症状 ) == sign ( symptom )
    症状 == symptom
    疼痛 == pain
    痂( 凝固 ) == scab ( coagulation )
    真皮 == dermis
    真肋( 胸廓 ) == true ribs ( ribcage )
    真声带( 声带 ) == true vocal cord ( vocal cord )
    眨眼( 眼睑 ) == blink ( eyelid )
    砧骨( 中耳 ) == anvil / incus ( middle car )
    破伤风 == tetanus
    神经 == nerve
    神经弓( 脊椎骨 ) == neural arch ( vertebra )
    神经元 == neuron
    神经肌肉接合处 == neuromuscular junction
    神经系统 == nervous system
    神经性厌食症( 厌食症 ) == anorexia nervosa ( anorexia )
    神经径 == nerve tract
    神经根 == nerve root
    神经细胞( 神经元 ) == nerve cell ( neuron )
    神经组织 == nervous tissue
    神经传递介质( 突触 ) == neurotransmitter ( synapse )
    神经节( 神经根 ) == ganglion ( nerve root )
    神经胶细胞 == glial cell
    神经冲动 == nerve impulse
    神经( 病 )学 == neurology
    神经纤维( 轴突 ) == nerve fibre ( axon )
    笑肌 == risorius
    纺锤体 == spindle
    素食者 == vegetarian
    纯素食者( 素食者 ) == vegan ( vegetarian )
    缺氧血( 静脉 ) == deoxygenated blood ( vein )
    脂肪 == fat
    脂肪梅( 胰液 ) == lipase ( pancreatic juice )
    脂肪的消化 == fat digestion
    脂肪组织( 结缔组织 ) == adipose tissue ( connective tissue )
    脂肪酸( 脂肪 ) == fatty acid ( fat )
    脂溶性维生素 == fat-soluble vitamin
    脂质 == lipid
    胰岛( 胰脏 ) == islets of Langerhans ( pancreas )
    胰岛素 == insulin
    胰液 == pancreatic juice
    胰蛋白梅( 胰液 ) == trypsin ( pancreatic juice )
    胰管( 胰脏 ) == pancreatic duct ( pancreas )
    胰淀粉梅( 胰液 ) == pancreatic amylase ( pancreat5ic juice )
    胰脏 == pancreas
    胸( 躯干 ) == thorax / chest ( trunk )
    胸大肌 == pectoralis major
    胸肌( 胸大肌) == pectoral muscle ( pectoralis major )
    胸乳( 乳汁 ) == breast milk ( milk )
    胸神经( 脊神经 ) == thoracic nerve ( spinal nerve )
    胸骨 == sternum
    胸骨( 胸骨 ) == breastbone ( sternum )
    胸骨柄( 胸骨 ) == manubrium ( sternum )
    胸骨体( 胸骨 ) == sternal body ( sternum )
    胸带 == pectoral girdle
    胸椎 == thoracic vertebra
    胸腔( 腔 ) == thoracic cavity ( cavity )
    胸腺 == thymus gland
    胸腺嘧啶( 盐基 ) == thymine ( base )
    胸廓 == ribcage
    胸膜 == pleura membrane
    胸膜液( 胸膜 ) == pleural fluid ( pleural membrane )
    胸导管( 淋巴管) == thoracic duct ( lymph vessel )
    胸锁乳突肌 == sternocleidomastoid
    脉络膜( 眼睛 ) == choroid ( eye )
    脉抟 == pulse
    脉抟率( 心跳速率 ) == pulse rate ( heart rate )
    能量 == energy
    脊柱 == backbone
    脊柱( 脊柱 ) == spine ( back bone )
    脊柱( 脊柱 ) == vertebral column ( backbone )
    脊柱胸肌 == spinalis thoracis
    脊柱裂 == spina bifida
    脊神经 ==spinal nerve
    脊椎孔( 脊椎骨 ) == vertebral foramen ( vertebra )
    脊椎曲线( 脊柱 ) == vertebral curve ( backbone )
    脊椎骨 == vertebra / vertebrae
    脊膜( 粒腺体 ) == crista /cristae ( mitochondrion )
    脊髓 == spinal cord
    脊髓灰白质炎 == poliomyelitis ( polio )
    蚓状肌 == lumbrical muscle
    衰老( 老化 ) == senescence ( ageing )
    记忆 == memory
    记忆B细胞( B细胞 ) == memory B cell ( B cell )
    记忆T细胞( T细胞 ) == memory T cell ( T cell )
    迷路( 内耳 ) == labyrinth ( inner ear )
    退缩反射 == withdrawal reflelx
    回盲括约肌( 回肠 ) == ileocaecal sphincter ( ileum )
    回肠 == ileum
    配子( 性细胞 ) == gamete ( sex cell )
    配子发性( 性细胞 ) == gametogenesis ( sex cell )
    阵痛 == labour
    饥饿( 营养 ) == hunger ( nutrition )
    马氏体层( 表皮 ) == Malpighian layer ( epidermis )
    马尾 == cauda equina
    马尔必奇 == Malpighi , Marcello
    骨 == bone
    骨小梁( 海绵骨 ) == trabecula / trabceulae ( spongy bone )
    骨化 == ossification
    骨母细胞( 骨 ) == osteoblast ( bone )
    骨折 == fracture
    骨板( 骨单元 ) == lamella / lamellae ( osteon )
    骨盆 == pelvis
    骨盆入口( 骨盆 ) == pelvic inlet ( pelvis )
    骨盆带 == pelvic girdle
    骨细胞( 骨 ) == osteocyte ( bone )
    骨单元 == osteon
    骨间肌 == interosseus / interossei muscle
    骨窝( 骨单元 ) == lacuna / lacunae ( osteon )
    骨膜 == periosteum
    骨质疏松症( 骨化 ) == osteoporosis ( ossification )
    骨骼 == skeleton
    骨骼肌 ==skeletal muscle
    骨胳学 == osteology
    骨缝 == suture
    骨关节炎( 关节炎 ) == osteoarthritis ( srthritis )
    骨髓 == bone marrow
    骨髓腔( 骨髓 ) == medullary cavity ( bone marrow )
    高血压 == hypertension
    高峰吉丈 == Takamine , Jodichi
    高基 == Golgi , Camillo
    高基氏体 == Golgi body
    高张的( 等张的 ) == hypertonic ( isotonic )
    胺基( 胺基酸 ) == amino group ( amino acid )
    胺基酸 == amino acid


    十一划

    伪足( 吞噬作用 ) == pseudopodium / pseudopodia ( phagocytosis )
    假肋 == false rib ( ribcage )
    假声带( 声带 ) == false vocal cord ( vocal cord )
    做梦 == dreaming
    偏头痛 == migraine
    副甲状腺 == parathyroid gland
    副甲状腺素( 副甲状腺 ) == parathyroid hormone / PTH ( parathyroid gland )
    副交感神经系统( 自律神经系统 ) == parasympathetic nervous system ( autonomic nervous system )
    副睪( 睪丸 ) == epididymis ( testis )
    动作电位( 神经冲动 ) == action potential ( nerve impulse )
    动物淀粉( 肝糖 ) == animal starch ( glycogen )
    动脉 == artery
    动脉粥状硬化 == atherosclerosis
    动能( 能量 ) == kinetic energy ( energy )
    动情激素( 雌性激素 ) == oestrogen ( female sex formone )
    动晕病( 半规管 ) == motion sickness ( semicircular canal )
    动器( 运动神经元 ) == effector ( motor neuron )
    动关节( 关节 ) == movable joint ( joint )
    垩质 == cement
    基因 == gene
    基因型 == genotype
    基因座( 对偶基因 ) == locus ( allele )
    基因组 == genome
    基底神经节( 大脑 ) == basal ganglia ( cerebrum )
    基层( 表皮 ) == basal layer ( epidermis )
    基础代谢率 == basal metabolic rate / BMR
    妇科学 == gynaecology
    密码子( 遗传密码 ) == codon ( genetic code )
    带状包疹 == Herpes zoster ( shingles )
    带状包疹 == shingles
    张力( 肌肉收缩 ) == tension ( muscle contraction )
    情绪 == emotion
    接受者( 排斥反应 ) == recipient ( rejection )
    接种( 疫苗 ) == inoculation ( vaccine )
    接触传染病 == contagious disease
    排斥反应 == rejection
    排汗 == perspiration
    排卵 == ovulation
    排尿( 膀胱 ) == urination ( bladder )
    排泄 == excretion
    排泄器官( 排泄 ) == excretory organ ( excretion )
    排便( 直肠 ) == defecation ( rectum )
    斜方肌 == trapezius
    斜方骨( 腕骨 ) == trapexium ( carpal )
    斜视( 双眼视觉 ) == squint / strabismus ( binocular vision )
    旋前方肌( 旋前肌 ) == pronator puadratus ( pronator )
    旋前肌 == pronator
    旋前圆肌( 旋前肌 ) == pronator ters ( pronator )
    旋后肌 == supinator
    昼夜节律 == circadian rhythm
    梅奇尼柯夫 == Mechnikov , llya
    梅斯纳氏小体( 机械性受器 ) == Meissner’s corpuscle ( mechanoreceptor )
    梅毒 == syphilis
    梅塞尔森 == Meselson , Matthew
    梅达沃 == Medawar , Peter
    杆细胞( 光受器 ) == rod ( photoreceptor )
    条件反射( 先天性反射 ) == conditioned reflex ( inborn reflex )
    梨形虫病 == giardiasis
    杀手T细胞( T细胞 ) == killer T cell ( T cell )
    氢( 元气 ) == hydrogen ( element )
    液体平衡( 渗透调节 ) == fluid balance ( osmoregulation )
    浅睡( 睡眠 ) == light sleep ( sleep )
    淋巴 == lymph
    淋巴因子( T细胞 ) == lymphokine ( T cell )
    淋巴系统 == lymphatic system
    淋巴细胞 == lymphocyte
    淋巴结 == lymph node
    淋巴干( 淋巴管 ) == lymph trunk ( lymph vessel )
    淋巴管 == lymph vessel
    淋巴器官 == lymphatic organ
    淋巴导管( 淋巴管 ) == lymph duct ( lymph vessel )
    淋病 == gonorrhea
    泪骨( 颜面骨 ) == lacrimal bone ( facial bone )
    泪腺( 角膜 ) == lacrimal gland ( cornea )
    泪囊( 角膜 ) == lacrimal sac ( cornea )
    深的( 表面的 ) == deep ( superficial )
    深睡( 睡眠 ) == deep sleep ( sleep )
    牵张反射 == stretch reflex
    犁骨( 颜面骨 ) == vomer ( facial bone )
    球囊 == saccule
    毕希纳 == Buchner , Eduard
    异位妊娠 == ectopic pregnancy
    异卵双胞胎 == fraternal twins
    异质结合细胞 == heterozygous cell
    疏水的( 磷脂 ) == hydrophobic ( phospholipid )
    眼底镜 == opthalmoscope
    眼直肌 == rectus eye muscle
    眼科学 == ophthalmology
    眼科肌 == oblique eye muscle
    眼泪( 角膜 ) == tears ( cornea )
    眼球( 眼睛 ) == eyeball ( eye )
    眼眶 == orbit
    眼窝( 眼眶 ) == eye socket ( orbit )
    眼睛 == eye
    眼轮匝肌 == orbicularis oculi
    眼睑 == eyelid
    硫 == sulphur
    硫胺素( 维生素B1 ) == thiamine ( vitamin B1 )
    移植手术( 排斥反应 ) == transplant operation ( rejection )
    窒息 == choking
    第一臼齿( 臼齿 ) == first molar ( molar )
    第一楔骨( 跗骨 ) == first cuneiform ( tarsal )
    第一跖骨( 跖骨 ) == first metatarsal ( metatarsal )
    第二臼齿( 臼齿 ) == second molar ( molar )
    第二性征( 性激素 ) == secondary sexual characteristic ( sex hormone )
    第二楔骨( 跗骨 ) == second cuneiform ( tarsal )
    第三臼齿( 智齿 ) == third molar ( wisdom tooth )
    第三腓骨肌( 足部伸肌 ) == peroneus tertius ( extensor of the foot )
    第三楔骨( 跗骨 ) == third cuneiform ( tarsal )
    粒线体 == mitochondrion / mitochondria
    粗内质网( 内质纲 ) == rough endoplasmic reticulum ( endoplasmic reticulum )
    粗糙食物( 膳食纤维质 ) == roughage ( dietary fibre )
    细支气管 == bronchiole
    细胞 == cell
    细胞内液( 细胞外液 ) == intracellular fluid ( extracellular fluid )
    细胞分裂 == cell division
    细胞外物质 == extracellular material
    细胞外液 == extracellular fluid
    细胞免疫 == cellular immunity
    细胞呼吸( 呼吸 ) == cellular respiration ( respiration )
    细胞骨架 == cytosdeleton
    细胞周期 == cell cycle
    细胞间接免疫( 细胞免疫 ) == cell-mediated immunity ( cellular immunity )
    细胞间液( 组织液 ) == intercellular fluid ( tissue fluid )
    细胞核 == nucleus / nuclei
    细胞膜( 质膜 ) == cell membrane ( plasma membrane )
    细胞质 == cytoplasm
    细胞学( 组织学 ) == cytology ( histology )
    细胞体( 神经元 ) == cell body ( neuron )
    细菌 == bacterium / bacteria
    组织 == tissue
    组织修复( 组织 ) == tissue repair ( tissue )
    组织胺( 炎症 ) == histamine ( inflammation )
    组织液 == tissue fluid
    组织间隙( 组织液 ) == interstice ( tissue fluid )
    组织学 == histology
    组织学家( 组织学 ) == histologist ( histology )
    终毛( 毛发 ) == terminal hair ( hair )
    脱出( 椎间盘突出 ) == prolapse ( slipped disc )
    脱位 == dislocation
    莫尔加尼 == Morgagni , Giovanni
    荷勒斯 == Hales , Stephen
    蛋白素( 血浆 ) == albumin ( blood plasma )
    蛋白质 == protein
    蛋白质合成 == protein synthesis
    蛋白质的消化 == protein digestion
    被动免疫( 免疫法 ) == passive immunization ( immunization )
    许旺 == Schwann , Theodor
    许旺细胞( 绅经胶细胞 ) == Schwann cell ( glial cell )
    贫血 == anaemia
    软骨 == cartilage
    软骨细胞( 软骨 ) == chondrocyte ( cartilage )
    软膜( 脑脊髓膜 ) == pia mater ( meninx )
    软颚( 颚 ) == soft palate ( patlate)
    透明带( 卵子 ) == zona pellucida ( ovum )
    透明软骨( 玻璃软骨 ) == gristle ( hyaline cartilage )
    透析 == dialysis
    透析器( 透析 ) == dialyser ( dialysis )
    陈诠 == Chen Chuan
    阴茎 == penis
    阴蒂( 阴道 ) == clitoris ( vagina )
    阴道 == ( vagina )
    阴囊( 睪丸 ) == scrotum ( testis )
    雀斑( 黑色素 ) ==freckles ( melanin )
    顶骨( 颅 ) == parietal bone ( cranium )
    鸟粪嘌呤( 盐基 ) == guanine ( base )
    麦克尤恩爵士 == Macewen , Sir Willeam
    麦芽糖( 淀粉 ) == maltose ( starch )
    麦芽糖梅( 小肠 ) == maltase ( small intestine )
    麻醉剂( 药物 ) == narcotie ( drug )
    胫( 胫骨 ) == shin ( tibia )
    胫神经( 坐骨神经 ) == tibial nerve ( sciatic nerve )
    胫骨 == tibia / shinbone
    胫骨前肌 == tibialis anterior
    专一性抵抗力( 抵抗力 ) == specific resistance ( resistance )
    专门学科 == specialized study
    趾骨 == phalanx / phalanges of the foot



    十二划

    饮食 == diet
    博蒙特 == Beaumont , William
    喘息 == panting ( exhalation )
    单甘油酯( 脂肪 ) == monoglyceride ( fat )
    单合子双胞胎( 同卵双胞胎 ) == monozygotic twins ( identical twins )
    单倍体细胞 == haploid cell
    单核球 == monocyte
    单纯骨折( 骨析 ) == simple fracture ( fracture )
    单醣( 碳水化合物 ) == monosaccharide ( carbohydrate )
    唾液( 唾液腺 ) == saliva ( salivary gland )
    唾液腺 == salivary gland
    唾液淀粉梅( 唾液腺 ) == salivary amylase ( salivary gland )
    喉 == larynx
    喉结( 喉 ) == Adam’s apple ( larynx )
    壸腹( 半规管 ) == ampulla ( semicircular canal )
    壸腹脊顶( 半规管 ) == cupula ( semicircular canal )
    富兰克林 == Franklin , Rosalind
    嵌塞的( 智齿 ) == impacted ( wisdom tooth )
    复苏( 死亡 ) == resuscitation ( death )
    循环系统 == circulatory system
    掌长肌( 手部屈肌 ) == palmaris longus ( flexor of the hand )
    掌骨 == metacarpal
    掌短肌 == palmaris brevis
    提肌( 提高 ) == levator ( elevation )
    提高 == elevation
    提高( 提高 ) == elevate ( elevation )
    换气( 呼吸 ) == ventilation ( breathing )
    散光 == astigmatism
    斑( 动脉粥状硬化 ) == plaque ( atherosclersis )
    斑( 龋齿 ) == plaque ( tooth decay )
    斑疹伤寒 == typhus
    斯瓦姆默丹 == Swammerdam , Jan
    斯坦利 == Stanley , Wendell
    斯特蒂文特 == Sturtevant , Alfred
    斯诺 == Snow , John
    普通染色体( 性染色体 ) == autosome ( sex chromosome )
    普尔金耶 == Purkinje , Johannes
    品状体 == lens
    智力 == intelligence
    智齿 == wisdom tooth
    棘突( 脊椎骨 ) == spinous process ( vertebra )
    棘细胞层( 表皮 ) == prickly layer / stratum spinosum ( epidermis )
    森特 – 哲尔吉 == Szent – Gyorgi , Albert von
    着床 == implantation
    椎弓( 脊椎骨 ) == vertebral arch ( vertebra )
    椎间盘 == intervertebral disc
    椎间盘突出 == slipped disc
    椎体( 脊椎骨 ) == centrum ( vertebra )
    椎体( 脊椎骨 ) == vertebual body ( vertebra )
    氮( 元素 ) == nitrogen ( element )
    氯 == chlorine
    渥勒 == Wohler , Friedrich
    滋养层( 胚胞 ) == trophoblast ( blastocyst )
    无氧呼吸 == anaerobic respiration
    无意识( 意识 ) == unconsciousness ( conscioushess )
    无横纹( 平滑肌 ) == unstriated ( smooth muscle )
    无机化合物 == inorganic compound
    珐琅质 == enamel
    痢疾,见阿米巴痢疾 == dysentery see amoebic dysentery
    痉挛 == cramp
    发育 == development
    发烧 == fever
    短趾伸肌( 脚部伸肌 ) == extensor digitorum brevis ( extensor of the foot )
    短期记忆( 记忆 ) == short-term memory ( memory )
    硬骨( 致密骨 ) == hard bone ( compact hone )
    硬膜( 脑脊髓膜 ) == dura mater ( meninx )
    硬颚( 颚 ) == hard palate ( palate )
    稀释的( 浓度 ) == dilute ( concentration )
    等长收缩( 肌肉收缩 ) == isometric contraction ( muscle contraction )
    等张收缩( 肌肉收缩 ) == isotonic contraction ( muscle contraction )
    等张的 == isotonic
    等显性对偶基因 == co-dominant allele
    结核病 == tuberculosis
    结肠 == colon
    结构蛋白 == structural protein
    结缔组织 == connective tissue
    结膜( 角膜 ) == conjunctiva ( cornea )
    绒毛 == villus / villi
    绒毛膜 == chorion
    绒毛膜绒毛( 绒毛膜 ) == chorionic villus ( chorion )
    绒毛膜绒毛取样( 绒毛膜 ) == chorionic villus sampling ( chorion )
    绝经 == menopause
    丝状乳头( 味蕾 ) == filiform papilla ( taste bud )
    腕( 椭球关节 ) == wrist ( ellipsoidal joint )
    腕骨 == carpal
    腔 == cavity
    腔静脉 == vena cava
    腋( 上肢 ) == axilla ( upper extremity )
    腋动脉( 肱动脉 ) == axillary artery ( brachial artery )
    腋静脉( 肱静脉 ) == axillary vein ( brachial vein )
    肾 == kidney
    肾上腺 == adrenal bland / suprarenal gland
    肾上腺素 == adrenaline
    肾小球 == glomerulus
    肾小球囊( 鲍氏囊 ) == glomerular capsule ( Bowman’s capsule )
    肾小管 == renal tubule
    肾元 == nephron
    肾衰竭( 透析 ) == renal failure ( dialysis )
    脾 == spleen
    腓神经( 坐骨神经 ) == peroneal nerve( sciatic nerve )
    腓骨 == fibula
    腓骨肌 == gastrocnemius / calf muscle
    残余气量 == residual volume
    舒张压( 血压计 ) == diastolic blood pressure ( sphygmomanometer )
    烟碱酸 == niacin
    华森 == Watson , James
    菌落 == bacterial flora
    裂( 大脑 ) == fissure ( cerebrum )
    视力( 视觉 ) == sight ( vision )
    视丘 == thalamus
    视皮质( 感觉区 ) == visual cortex ( sensory area )
    视色素( 光受器 ) == visual pigment ( photoreceptor )
    视径交叉,视神经交叉 == optic chiasma
    视神经 == optic nerve
    视神经盘,视乳头( 盲点 ) == optic disc ( blind spot )
    视紫质( 光受器 ) == rhodopsin ( photoreceptor )
    视黄醇( 维生素A ) == retinol ( vitamin A )
    视叶( 感觉区 ) == optic lobe ( sensory area )
    视网膜 == retina
    视觉 == vision
    诊断 == diagnosis
    费克 == Fick , Adolf
    超音波扫描 == ultrasound scanning
    超音波扫描仪( 超音波扫描 ) == ultrasound scanner ( ultrasound scanning )
    距骨( 跗骨 ) == talus ( tarsal )
    轴椎( 颈椎 ) == axis ( cervical vertebra )
    轴突 == axon
    钙 == calcium
    钠 == sodium
    钠钾泵( 神经冲动 ) == sodium-potassium pump ( nerve impulse )
    开放性骨折( 骨折 ) == open fracture ( fracture )
    间期( 细胞周期 ) == interphase ( cell cycle )
    间质液( 组织液 ) == interstitial fluid ( tissue fluid )
    集尿管( 输尿管 ) == collecting duct ( ureter )
    韧带 == ligament
    黄骨髓( 骨髓 ) == yellow marrow ( bone marrow )
    黄热病 == yellow fever
    黄体 == corpus luteum
    黄体成长激素 == luteinizing hormone / LH
    黄体激素( 雌性激素 ) == progesterone ( female sex hormone )
    黑色素 == melanin
    氰钴胺素( 维生素B12 ) == cyanocobalamin ( vitamin B12 )
    跗骨 == tarsal
    雄性激素 == male sex hormone


    十三划

    传入神经元( 感觉神经元 ) == afferent neuron ( sensory neuron )
    传出神经元( 运动神经元 ) == efferent neuron ( motor neuron )
    传染性疾病 == infectious disease
    传染性单核细胞增多症( 腺热 ) == mononucleosis , infectious ( glandular fever )
    传染病 == communicable disease
    传讯核糖核酸( 核糖核酸 ) == messenger RNA ( RNA )
    传讯核糖核酸( 核糖核酸 ) == m RNA ( RNA )
    催化剂( 梅 ) == catalyst ( enzyme )
    催乳激素 == prolactin
    催产素 == oxytocin
    伤寒 == typhoid fever
    嗅神经 == olfactory nerve
    嗅球( 嗅膜 ) == olfactory bulb ( olfactory membrane )
    嗅细胞( 嗅膜 ) == olfactory cell ( olfactory membrane )
    嗅膜 == olfactory membrane
    嗅觉 == smell
    塞麦尔维斯 == Semmelweiss , Ignaz
    微生物( 病原体 ) == microorganism ( pathogen )
    微血管 == capillary
    微淋巴管( 淋巴管 ) == lymph capillary ( lymph vessel )
    微绒毛( 绒毛 ) == microvilli ( villus )
    微量营养素 == micronutrient
    微量矿物质( 矿物质 ) == trace mineral ( mineral )
    微胶粒( 脂肪的消化 ) == micelle ( fat digestion )
    感冒 == common cold
    感染 == infection
    感觉 == sense
    感觉根( 神经根 ) == sensory root ( nerve root )
    感觉神经元 == sensory neuron
    感觉区 == sensory area
    感觉器官( 感觉 ) == sense organ ( sense )
    爱迪生 == Addison , Thomas
    爱滋病 == AIDS
    暗光适应 == dark adaptation
    会厌 == epiglottis
    杨 == Young , Thomas
    溶梅体 == lysosome
    溶液 == solution
    溶菌梅( 化学抵抗 ) == lysozyme ( chemical resistance )
    溶质( 溶液 ) == solute ( solution )
    溶剂( 溶液 ) == solvent ( solution )
    沟( 大脑 ) == sulcus / sulci ( cereburm )
    减数分裂 == meiosis
    温血的,吸热的( 温度调节 ) == endothermic ( thermoregulation )
    温度调节 == thermoregulation
    滑车( 眼斜肌 ) == trochlea ( oblique eye muscle )
    滑动关节 == gliding joint
    滑液( 滑液关节 ) == synovial fluid ( synovial joint )
    滑液关节 == synovial joint
    滑丝学说 == sliding filament theory
    滑膜( 滑液关节 ) == synovial membrane ( synovial joint )
    滑膜鞘( 腱 ) == synovial sheath ( tendon )
    意识 == consciousness
    痲疹 == measles
    痲疯 == leprosy
    睫毛( 眼睑 ) == eyelash ( eyelid )
    睫状肌( 晶状体 ) == ciliary muscle ( lens )
    睪丸 == testis / testes
    睪固酮( 雄性激素 ) == testosterone ( male sex hormone )
    矮人( 雷文霍克 ) == homunculi ( Leeuwenhoek , Anthony van )
    碘 == iodine
    棱形骨( 腕骨 ) == trapezoid ( carpal )
    节律器( 窦房结 ) == pacemaker ( sinoatrial node )
    经期( 月经 ) == period ( menstruation )
    圣托里奥 == Santorio , Santorio
    腱 == tendon
    腰背部( 腰椎 ) == small of the back ( lumbar vertebra )
    腰神经( 脊神经 ) == lumbar nerve ( spinal nerve )
    腰神经丛( 脊神经 ) == lumbar plexus ( spinal nerve )
    腰椎 == lumbar vertebra
    肠 == intestine
    肠液 == intestinal juice
    肠系膜( 腹膜 ) == mesentery ( peritoneum )
    腮腺( 唾液膜 ) == parotid gland ( salivary gland )
    脚气病 == beriberi
    肿瘤( 癌症 ) == tumour ( cancer )
    腄瘤学家( 病理学 ) == oncologist ( pathology )
    腹直肌 == rectus abdominis
    腹面的( 前面的 ) == ventral ( anterior )
    腹根( 神经根 ) == ventral root ( nerve root )
    腹腔( 腔 ) == abdominal cavity ( cavity )
    腹( 躯干 ) == abdomen ( trunk )
    腹腔疾病 == coeliac disease
    腹膜 == peritoneum
    膜泡( 胰脏 ) == acinus / acini ( pancreas )
    腺嘌呤( 盐基 ) == adenine ( base )
    腺嘌呤核甘二磷酸( 腺嘌呤核甘三磷酸 ) == ADP / adenosine diphosphate ( ATP )
    腺嘌呤核甘三磷酸 == ADP / adenosine triphosphate
    腺样增殖体 == adenoid
    腺热 == glandular fever
    腺体 == gland
    脑 == brain
    脑波 == brainwave
    脑下垂体,脑垂腺 == pituitary gland
    脑室( 脑 ) == ventricle ( brain )
    脑神经 == cranial nerve
    脑脊髓液 == CSF / cerebrospinal fluid
    脑脊髓膜 == meninges / meninx
    脑回( 大脑 ) == gyrus / gyri ( cetrebrum )
    脑干 == brain stem
    脑电图( 脑波 ) == electroencephalogram ( brainwave )
    脑电图仪( 脑波 ) == EEG / electroencephalograph ( brainwave )
    脑膜炎 == meningitis
    叶( 泌乳 ) == lobe ( lactation )
    叶酸 == folic acid
    叶酸盐( 叶酸 ) == folate( folic acid )
    葡萄糖 == glucose
    补体系统 == complement system
    解毒作用 == detoxification
    解剖( 解剖学 ) == dissection ( anatomy )
    解剖学 == anatomy
    解剖学家( 解剖学 ) == anatomist ( anatomy )
    詹纳 == Jenner , Edward
    试管内受精( 不孕 ) == in vitro fertilization ( infertility )
    跟骨( 跗骨 ) == calcaneus ( tarsal )
    跟腱 == Achilles tendon
    路德威希 == Ludwig , Karl
    运动根( 神经根 ) == motor root ( nerve root )
    运动神经元 == motor neuron
    运动神经疾病 == motor neuron disease
    运动区 == motor area
    游走巨噬细胞( 单核球 ) == wandering macrophage ( monocyte )
    过敏 == allergy
    过敏反应( 过敏 ) == allergic reaction ( allergy )
    过敏性休克 == anaphylactic shock
    过敏性鼻炎( 枯草热 ) == allergic rhinitis ( hay fever )
    过敏原 == allergen
    钾 == potassium
    钩骨( 腕骨 ) == hamate ( carpal )
    隔膜避孕用具( 避孕用具 ) == barrier contraceptive ( contraceptive )
    雷文霍克 == Leeuwenhoek , Anthony van
    雷扎斯 == Rhazes
    雷蒙.凯尔 == Ramony Cajal , Santiago
    电子( 原子 ) == electron ( atom )
    电子显微照片( 显微镜 ) == electron micrograph ( microscopy )
    电子显微镜( 显微镜 ) == electron microscope ( microscopy)
    电场( 脑波 ) == electrical field ( brainwave )
    电极( 心电图仪 ) == electrode ( electrocardiograph )
    电脑断层摄影 == computed tomography
    电脑断层摄影机(电脑断层摄影) == omputed tomograph ( computed tomography )
    电图( 心电图仪 ) == ECG ( electrocardiograph )
    靶子细胞( 激素 ) == target cell ( hormone )
    靶子组织( 激素 ) == target tissue ( hormone )
    预后( 诊断 ) == prognosis ( diagnosis )
    预期寿命 == life expectancy
    饱和脂肪( 脂肪 ) == saturated fat ( fat )
    鼓膜 == eardrum / tympanic membrane



    十四划

    梅 == enzyme
    厌食症 == anorexia
    呕吐( 吞咽 ) == vomiting ( swallowing )
    尘细胞 == dust cell
    寿命( 预期寿命 ) == lifespan ( life expectancy )
    梦游 == sleepwalking
    对偶基因 == allele
    对偶基因( 对偶基因 ) == allelomorphic gene ( allele )
    对掌拇肌 == opponens pollicis
    惯用右手( 用手习惯 ) == right-handed ( handedness )   
    惯用左手( 用手习惯 ) == left-handed ( handedness )
    槌骨( 中耳 ) == malleus / hammer ( middle ear )
    渗透 == osmosis
    渗透膜(差异性渗透膜)==permeable membrane( differentially permeable membrane )
    渗透调节 == osmoregulation
    渗透压 == osmotic pressure
    疟疾 == malaria
    睡眠 == sleep
    碳 == carbon
    碳水化合物,醣类 == carbohydrate
    碳水化合物的消化 == carbohydrate digestion
    种( 生物学 ) == species ( biology )
    种子骨 == sesamoid bone
    管腔( 吸收 ) == lumen ( absorption )
    精子 == sperm
    精子( 精子 ) == spermatozoon / spermartozoa ( sperm )
    精子发生( 精子 ) == spermatogenesis ( sperm )
    精小管( 睪丸 ) == seminiferous tubule ( testis )
    精神分裂症 == schizophrenia
    精液( 前列腺 ) == semen ( prostate glalnd )
    精液( 前列腺 ) == seminal fluid ( prostate gland )
    精囊( 前列腺 ) == seminal vesicle ( prostate gland )
    维生素 == vitamin
    维生素A == vitamin A
    维生素B12 == vitamin B12
    维生素B1 == vitamin B1
    维生素B2 == vitamin B2
    维生素B6 == vitamin B6
    维生素C == vitamin C
    维生素D == vitamin D
    维生素E == vitamin E
    维生素K == vitamin K
    维萨里 == Vesalius , Andreas
    腐败( 防腐剂 ) == septic ( antiseptic )
    雌性激素 == female sex hormone
    膀胱 == bladder
    腿后腱 == hamstring
    蒙塔古 == Montagu , Lady Mary
    蜘蛛膜下腔( 脑脊髓液 ) == subarachnoid space ( cerebrospinal fluid )
    蜘蛛膜( 脑脊髓膜 ) == arachnoid layer ( meninx )
    辅助T细胞( T细胞 ) == helper T cell ( T cell )
    远曲小管( 肾小管 ) == distal convoluted tubule( renal tubule )
    远视 == long sight / far sight
    远视( 远视 ) == hypermetropia / hyperopia ( long sight )
    远端的( 近端的 ) == distal ( proximal )
    铜 == copper
    骰骨( 跗骨 ) == cuboid ( tarsal )
    鼻 == nose
    鼻中隔( 鼻 ) == nasal septum ( nose )
    鼻孔( 鼻 ) == nostril ( nose )
    鼻骨( 颜面骨 ) == nasal bone ( facial gone )
    鼻腔 == nasal cavity
    鼻窦炎( 窦 ) == sinusitis ( sinus )
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