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  • 怎样“花费”_英语题库

      1. offer 意为“(买方向卖方)出价”、“(卖方向买方)要价”,常用于下列句式:

      ( 1 ) offer + 间接宾语(人) + 直接宾语(金钱) + for sth (向某人出价买某物)

      ( 2 ) ofter + 间接宾语(人) + 直接宾语(物) + for money (向某人索价卖某物)

      She offered me $25 for that book. 她向我出价 25 美元买那本书。

      I offered him a house for $3,000. 我卖那所房子向他要价 3 , 000 美元。

      2. charge 意为“索价、要价”,常出现在下列句式中:

      ( 1 ) charge + 间接宾语(人) + for (doing) sth (就某物向某人收费)

      ( 2 ) charge + 直接宾语(金钱) + for (doing) sth (某物要价多少)

      ( 3 ) charge + 间接宾语(人) + 直接宾语(金钱) + for (doing) sth (向某人索取……的费用)

      They have charged us for the service. 他们已经向我们收了服务费。

      How much do you charge for the dictionary ? 这本词典你要多少钱?

      She charged me $5 for a cup of coffee. 一杯咖啡她向我要价 5 美元。

      3. pay 意为“花钱、付钱、还钱”,主语只能是人,宾语可以是人,也可以是物,常出现在下列句子中:

      ( 1 ) pay + 宾语( sb / money ) for sth (为购买某物付款,支付给某人货款)

      ( 2 ) pay + 间接宾语(人) + 直接宾语(金钱) + for sth (为了某物付款给某人)

      ( 3 ) pay + 间接宾语(人) + 直接宾语(金钱) + to do sth (付款让某人做某事)

      ( 4 ) pay for sth (付某物之款)

      I paid 200 dollars for the watch. 我花 200 美元买了这块表。

      We paid him for the meal. 我们把餐费付给了他。

      He paid me 20 dollars for the old bike. 他花 20 美元买了我的这辆旧自行车。

      He paid the car-cleaner 5 dollars to wash the car. 他付给洗车工 5 美元叫他洗车。

      I have paid for the TV set. 我已经付了那台电视机的款。

      4. cost 意为“花费(金钱、时间、劳力)、付代价,要价”,主语常是表示事物的名词,没有被动语态,常出现在下列句型中:

      ( 1 ) sth + cost (s) + money (某物值多少钱)

      ( 2 ) It + cost (s) ( + 间接宾语) + 直接宾语 + to do sth [ 做某事花费(某人)多少钱 ]

      ( 3 ) sth + cost (s) + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语(某物花费某人多少钱)

      The jacket costs 100 dollars. 这件夹克衫值 100 美元。

      How much does it cost to build the house ? 修建这座房子要花费多少钱?

      It will cost you 5 dollars to repair the watch. 修这块表你要花 5 美元。

      Such a difficult job costs a lot of time and effort. 这样困难的工作要耗费很多的时间和精力。

      5. buy 意为“买、买入、购买”,主语只能是人,常出现在下列句式中:

      ( 1 ) buy + 间接宾语(人) + 直接宾语( = buy + 直接宾 + for + 间接宾语)(买某物给某人)

      ( 2 ) buy (+sb) + 直接宾语 + for + money (给某人买某物花多少钱)

      ( 3 ) buy + 直接宾语 + 形容词(以……的价格买)

      He bought his wife a dress. 他给他太太买了一套衣服。

      He bought (me) the watch for twenty dollars. 他花 20 美元(给我)买了这块表。

      He bought a used car cheap. 他以便宜的价格买了一部二手车。

      6. spend 用于花费“时间或金钱”,主语只能是人,常出现在下列句型中:

      ( 1 ) spend + money + on (for) sth / to do sth / (in) doing sth (花钱买某物或某事)

      ( 2 ) spend + time + on (in) sth / (in) doing sth (在……上面花时间或花费时间做某事)

      He spent a lot of money on (for) books / to buy books / buying books. 他花了好多钱买书。

      we spent five months on (in) this work / (in) finishing this work. 我们花费了 5 个月的时间完成这项工作。

      7. take 通常指花费“时间”,出现在下列句式中:

      ( 1 ) It takes + 间接宾语(人) + 直接宾语(时间) + to do sth

      ( 2 ) sth takes ( + 间接宾语) + 直接宾语(时间)

      ( 3 ) doing sth + takes + 间接宾语(人) + 直接宾语(时间)

      ( 4 ) sb + takes + 直接宾语(时间) + to do sth

      我花了两天的时间完成了这项工作。

      It took me two days to finish the task. / To finish the task took me two days. / The task took me two days to finish. / I took two days to finish the task.

      筹备 2008 年北京奥运会将要花费市政府将近 7 年的时间。

      Preparing for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games will take the Beijing municipal government almost 7 years.

      针对性练习:

      1. He spent as much time as he could _________ his lessons.

      A. go over B. going over

      C. to go over D. went over

      2. The seller would ________ the customer five dollars for the coat , but the customer ________ four dollars.

      A. charge ; offered B. offered ; charged

      C. charged ; asked D. offered ; cost

      3. Thought most of my classmates spent three hours ________ the distance of eight kilometers on foot, it took me about six hours _________ the same distance.

      A. covering, covering B. to cover ; to cover

      C. covering ; to cover D. To cover; covering

      4. (1)The diner _________ the money for the dinner and went in .

      (2)The diner ________ the money for the dinner and left.

      A. paid B. took C. spent D. cost

      5. (1)I _________ ten dollars on the dictionary published last month.

      (2)I _______ ten dollars for the dictionary published last month.

      (3)The dictionary published last month _______ me ten dollars.

      (4)She _________ the dictionary published last month for ten dollars.

      A. bought B. cost C. paid D. spend

      Key : 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. BA 5. DCBA

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