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  • 大学英语四级阅读材料每日一练(3)_英语题库

     Passage 3
    Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it’s painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr.Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.
    During the hours when you labour through your work you may say that you’re “hot”. That’s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues as: “Get up, John! You’ll be late for work again!” The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.
    You can’t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make you life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr.Kleitman believes. Maybe you’re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning, but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won’t change your cycle, but you’ll get up steam and work better at your low point.
    Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. A void the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.

    11.If a person finds getting up early a problem, most probably__________
    A) he is a lazy person B) he refuses to follow his own energy cycle
    C) he is not sure when his energy is low D) he is at his peak in the afternoon or evening
    12.Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?
    A) Unawareness of energy cycles. B) Familiar monologues
    C) A change in a family member’s energy cycle
    D) Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members
    13.If one wants to work more efficiently at his how point in the morning, he should_________
    A) change his energy cycle B) overcome his laziness
    C) get up earlier than usual D) go to bed earlier
    14.You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will___________
    A) help to keep your energy for the day’s work
    B) help you to control your temper early in the day
    C) enable you to concentrate on your routine work
    D) keep your energy cycle under control all day
    15.Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?
    A) Getting off to work with a minimum effort helps save one’s energy
    B) Dr.Kletman explains why people reach their peaks at different hours of day.
    C) Habit helps a person adapt to his own energy cycle
    D) Children have energy cycles, too.


    Passage 3
     
    你是否发现早上起床很困难以至于是一种痛苦?这也许可以被称作懒惰,但克莱特曼博士有一种新的解释。他已证明每个人都有一个日能量周期。
    在你工作的时候,你可能会说你很“热”。没错!一天当中你觉得精力最为充沛的时候就是你的体温周期达到顶峰的时候。对一些人来说,这一顶峰会在午前到来。而对另一些人来说,则到下午或是晚上才来到。(15)还没有人能够提示为什么会这样,但这导致了大家都很熟悉的那种自言自语,例如(11)“该起床了,约翰!又要上班迟到了!”对这种烦恼可能性的解释就是他的体温与能量顶峰在晚上到来。(12)当夫妇们了解到能量周期的意义,并得知每个家庭成员的能量周期是哪一种类型的时候,很多家庭争端便结束了。
    你无法改变你的能量周期,但你了解到自己的周期之后可以使你的生活更加适合它。克莱特曼博士认为习惯是有帮助的。也许你很想睡觉,但觉得你无论如何都得熬夜。习惯性地延迟睡觉时间可以在一定程度上对抗你的周期。(13)如果你早上能量低,但在一大清早有件很重要的工作要做,就比平时早些起床。这样做不会改变你的周期,但你可以在能量低的时候鼓起干劲,更好地工作。
    (14)慢慢地开始一天的工作有助于节约能量。起床时放松地打个哈欠,伸伸懒腰,在床上坐一会儿再下地。前一天晚上把干净衣服放好,这样就不用手忙脚乱地到处乱翻。尽可能在下午做常规工作,把需要更多能量与注意力的任务留到最佳状态的时候来处理。
    11、如果一个人觉得早起很难,很有可能________
    A) 他是个懒惰的家伙      B) 他不愿遵循自己的能量周期
    C) 他不清楚自己什么时候能量低 D) 他的高峰在下午或晚上
    12、根据本文,下面哪种情形会导致家庭争端?
    A) 没有意识到存在能量周期     B) 熟悉的自言自语
    C) 一名家庭成员改变了他的能量周期 D) 企图控制其他家庭成员的能量周期
    13、如果一个人想在他的能量低点——早晨工作得更有效率,他应该________
    A) 改变他的能量周期      B) 克服他的懒惰
    C) 比平时起得早些       D) 早些睡觉
    14、建议你起床时打个哈欠,伸伸懒腰,因为这样会_______
    A) 帮助你保持一天工作的能量  B) 帮助你在一天的开始就控制脾气
    C) 使你专注于常规工作     D) 使你全天的能量都得到控制
    15、下面哪个说法不正确?
    A) 花最小的力气开始工作有助于节约能量
    B) 克莱特曼博士解释了为什么人们在一天当中不同的时间达到能量顶峰
    C) 习惯帮助人适应自己的能量周期
    D) 孩子也有能量周期

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