Chinanews, Beijing, Jan. 15 – During the tenth five-year period (2000-2005), the proportion of government input in education had remained, for a long time, insufficient and far below the 4% average level of developing countries in the 1980s. Due to this insufficient input, the kind of education that Chinese kids received varied from place to place and most Chinese families had to shoulder the heavy financial burden of education.
The report, titled "Report on Chinese Youth Development during the Tenth Five-Year Plan Period and Prospect for their Developmental Trend during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan Period", was released by China Youth & Children Research Center, or CYCRC.
The report says that in 1993, Chinese Communist Party Central Committee and the State Council jointly issued a document called "China Educational Reform and Development Program". In this document, the central government proposed that “by 2004, the proportion of government input in education should reach 4 percentage points of the country’s GDP value.” The figure was later adopted by the CPC Central Committee in its "Decisions on Some Major Issues in Building a Socialist Harmonious Society" and was regarded as the only one requirement in which a specific index was given. In the "Decisions", it is also stated that the government's fiscal input in education should increase at a much higher rate than any other regular revenues.
In reality, however, the 4%-growth-rate goal had never been achieved. In 1995, for example, government educational input accounted for only 2.46% of the GDP value in that year. Although in December 1998, the Ministry of Education issued the "Rejuvenation Action Plan for Education in the 21st Century", stressing once again that the 4%-growth-rate goal should be met, still education input accounted for only 2.64% of the GDP figure in that year.
In 2000, the government’s input in education still failed to achieve the desired result. In fact, it was even smaller than the input in 1986 and 1990. In 2001, the central government had to extend the period for attaining the goal to 2005. Yet, not much progress had been made. In 2002, the government's education input accounted for 3.41% of the national GDP, and such proportions reached 3.28%、2.79%、2.82%, in the following three years. Currently, related world average level for education input is 7% and in developed countries, the level reaches 9%. Even in some developing countries, the level has reached 4.1%.
“The result is very disappointing,” said Fang Yi, one of the authors of the report. He said that although government input in education had increased every year, due to the large population, the per capita amount was very small. Even in the year when state education input reached the highest level, if calculated on a per capita basis, the education input was less than 350 yuan.